Various clinical procedures related to eye care and treatment is generally under the discipline of Ophthalmology which is comprised of a wide range of subspecialties. Each subspecialty not only covers specific study in terms of eye care, disease and conditions, and treatment; subspecialties also include specialization in terms of training, procedures, methods, and techniques.
A few types of Ophthalmology subspecialties include: nuero-ophthalmology, clinical ophthalmology,ophthalmic pathology, ophthalmic plastic surgery, and pediatric ophthalmology. Each specialization focuses on a different area of eye care, treatment, processes, skill set, and training.
Symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of eye conditions are consulted with an ophthalmologist. Even daily eye care such as proper cleaning or proper maintenance of vision correction devices such as eye glasses or contact lenses can be consulted with an ophthalmologist. This is why ophthalmology plays a vital role in daily eye care.
To provide an example, contact lenses, even when used for cosmetic purposes require a prescription. This means that even when you plan to switch eye colors, a prescription from a eye care specialist is required. This process will require for you to go through a comprehensive dilated eye exam to check if there are any vision related conditions that need to be treated to corrected.
Contact lenses need to fit your eye perfectly, otherwise, problems from minor to severe may occur such as eye sore, conjunctivitis, scratches, or even blindness. Seeing an eye care professional for an eye exam and a prescription is required. This will ensure that contact lenses are fitted properly, prescription is professionally issued, and seller is verified.
Tips for Keeping Eyes Healthy
- Regular eye exam helps determine vision related conditions, injury, or disease.
- Know your family’s history of vision related conditions.
- Proper diet and nutrition leads to healthier eyes.
- Clean hands, eye wear such as eye glasses and contact lenses and proper handling and maintenance of eye wear.
1. Courtesy: National Eye Institute, National Institute of Health (NEI / NIH)
2. FTC – United States Federal Trade Commission, October 2011